Korean Studies Lab Seminar

“二人の日本人研究者による植民地期朝鮮宮廷音楽の調査:田辺尚雄と兼常清佐の比較 (Research of Korean Court Music by Two Japanese Musicologists in Colonial Korea: A Comparison of Tanabe Hisao and Kanetsune Kiyosuke)”

Research of Korean Court Music by Two Japanese Musicologists in Colonial KoreaEvent Details

Start: 29 March 2016 3:00 pm
End: 29 March 2016 5:00 pm
Venue: Room 604, Asian Centre

Speaker: Professor Yukio Uemura (Tokyo University of the Arts)

Open to the public. All are welcome.
Language: Japanese (日本語) and Korean (한국어)

田辺尚雄と兼常清佐はともに20世紀前半の日本を代表する音楽学者である。二人はそれぞれ1921年と1911年に朝鮮を訪問して音楽の調査を行った。田辺の調査の結果、廃止の危機にあった朝鮮宮廷音楽は宮内省に「保護」され、その音楽伝統が維持されたと言われてきた。しかしこの宮廷音楽「保護」は朝鮮総督府の王家に対する懐柔政策として、調査以前にすでに織りこまれていた。一方、田辺は宮廷音楽のうち祭礼雅楽の存在を高く評価し、これを自らの「東洋音楽」史観に組み入れながら、アジア音楽の価値体系を構想したが、これは西洋音楽に対して日本音楽を擁護するための、日本中心主義的な論理でもあった。兼常の調査は田辺の影に隠れてほとんど忘れ去られているが、その客観的な考察方法と、朝鮮音楽に対する冷静な認識は今日再評価されてしかるべきである。

Tanabe Hisao and Kanetsune Kiyosuke, two representative musicologists of early 20th century Japan, conducted field research of Korean music in 1921 and 1911, respectively. Tanabe’s research, as it was well known, helped rescue Korean court music tradition from decline although the colonial government had already decided to preserve it as a conciliatory measure towards the Yi royal family. Tanabe found, through his fieldwork, that Korea’s “Aak” (Confucian shrine music) tradition retained a legacy of ancient Chinese music culture. Taking seriously the elements of shrine music found in the Korean court music, Tanabe tried to theorize the history of “Tōyō (Oriental) music,” but it should be noted that his historical schema of “Oriental music” was, to a great extent, motivated by his desire to protect Japanese music from the intrusion of Western music. In that sense, he was not free from Japano-centrism. Unlike Tanabe’s research, Kanetsune’s fieldwork is by and large forgotten, but the scientific methods he employed as well as his objective and balanced approach to Korean music should be re-examined.