Literature Against Propaganda: Counter Discourse and Symbolic Resistance in Iran-Iraq War Fiction

Saturday April 24, 2021
4:00 PM - 5:00 PM
Online Event

Poster design by Razman Goudarzi

سلسله سخنرانی‌های ایران‌شناسی و فارسی‌پژوهی علیرضا احمدیان

ادبیات علیه تبلیغات: ضدگفتمان و مقاومت نمادین در ادبیات داستانیِ جنگ ایران و عراق

سخنران: دکتر سالور ملایری، دکترای زبان‌های مدرن، دانشگاه سنت اندروز

مطالعات مربوط به ادبیات جنگ ایران و عراق عمدتاً بر آن دسته از آثار متمرکز است که با پروپاگاندای جنگی رژیم اسلامی ایران که به‌عنوان «ادبیات دفاع مقدس» شناخته می‌شود همسو است. این سخنرانی به داستان‌هایی می‌پردازد که با به چالش کشیدن کدهای فرهنگی و زیبایی‌شناختی ادبیات دفاع مقدس، تصویری متفاوت ارائه می‌دهند و فضایی را برای درک انتقادی از جنگ فراهم می‌کنند. این پژوهش از مفاهیم نشانه‌شناسی انتقادی و نظریهٔ تحلیل گفتمان استفاده می‌کند تا میزان بازتولید یا به چالش کشیدن گزاره‌های ایدئولوژیک موجود در ادبیات دفاع مقدس توسط این آثار ادبی را بررسی کند. دکتر سالور ملایری آثاری را از نویسندگان مستقل که تلاش کردند به گفتمان‌ها و گروه‌های اجتماعی سرکوب‌شده یا به حاشیه رانده‌شده صدا بدهند، بررسی خواهد کرد.

The event recording is now available:

Presented in English with subtitles.

Studies on Iran-Iraq war literature tend to focus on those works which represent the war propaganda of the Islamic regime, known as the ‘literature of the sacred defence’ (adabiyyāt-e defā’-e moqaddas). However, this talk will focus on those stories that offer a different image and provide a space for a critical understanding of the war by challenging the cultural and aesthetic codes of the Sacred Defence literature. This study will use the premises of critical semiotics and discourse analysis theory to examine the extent to which the ideological statements embedded in the Sacred Defence literature are either reproduced or challenged by these literary works. This talk will focus on the first decade of the Islamic revolution (the 80s) when the Sacred Defence discourse was in its most hegemonic stage, and the war was still going on. Dr. Salour Malayeri will examine works from independent writers who tried to give voice to suppressed or marginalised discourses and social groups, works from Javād Mojābi, Mansur Kushān, Amir Hossein Cheheltan, Qāzi Rabihāvi and Taqi Modarresi.

Salour Malayeri earned his PhD in Modern Languages from the University of St Andrews. His PhD thesis focuses on ideology and resistance in Nāser-e Khosrow’s poetry. In his thesis, Salour uses the method of discourse analysis and the critique of ideology to investigate the relationship between the literary tradition and Ismaili discourse in Nāser-e Khosrow’s Divan. Salour is also interested in the history of modern literary criticism in Iran and the dialogue between tradition and modernity in the early 20th-century Persian poetry. His chapter on the literary views of Mirza Fatali Akhundzādeh (Akhundov) has been published by Ginko Library in ‘Iran’s Constitutional Revolution of 1906: Narratives of Enlightenment’ edited by Ali M Ansari. His second publication on Iranian modern literary criticism and poetry focuses on Mohammad-Taqi Bahār’s literary heritage, which will be published by Routledge in an edited volume by Homa Katouzian and Alireza Korangi. Salour has been teaching Persian language and literature in the School of Modern Languages, St Andrews University. Currently, he is working on his monograph, ‘Temporality and Endurance: A Study of Ideology and Resistance in the Poems of Nāsir-i Khusraw’ which is based on his doctoral thesis.


About the Alireza Ahmadian Lectures in Iranian and Persianate Studies: Alireza Ahmadian (1981 – 2019) was an enthusiastic researcher, a consummate socio-political analyst, and an opinion leader on foreign policy who nurtured the virtues of diplomatic dialogue and liberal democracy. Alireza was a proud and devoted UBC alumnus, supporter of UBC’s Department of Asian Studies, and beloved member of Canadian-Iranian Community. The department renamed this lecture series in his honour in 2019. Alireza’s friends in the community have provided funding to support this series, and this generous gift will see these important academic and community engagement events supported through to the end of the 2025/2026 academic year. Read More …
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