Born: England, 6 June 1927.

Military Service: 17 August 1944 -13 January 1949, British and Indian armies (Queen’s Royal Regt., England; 4/6 Rajputana Rifles, India; the Parachute Regiment, England, Palestine, Germany).

Undergraduate student, University of British Columbia: 1949-53.  B.A. (Hons.) 1953.

Graduate student, Harvard University:1953-58 (Woodrow Wilson Fellow,1953).  A.M.,1954; Ph.D.,1958.

Faculty member, University of British Columbia: 1958-1992.
Instructor II, 1958-61  (History and International Studies)
Assistant Professor, 1961-65 (Asian Studies and History)
Associate Professor, 1965-71
Professor, 1971-92.  Head, Department of Asian Studies, 1975-80.
Professor Emeritus, 1992-


Internal:  Served on numerous University, Faculty, and Faculty Association committees;  Associate Editor, Pacific Affairs, 1966-70  (Acting editor, 1969-70) and 1978-87.

External:  President, Shastri Indo-Canadian Institute, 1970-71. Elected member, South Asia Regional Council of the Association for Asian Studies,1973-76; Committee on Graduate Studies, Canadian Historical Association, 1972-76.  Member of various SSHRC/Canada Council Fellowship Selection Committees, 1968-82.  External examiner for Ph.D. theses, University of Western Australia, 1977-78; University of Calicut, 1978, University of Otago, 1982, Simon Fraser University, 1995.   Member of the editorial board, Canadian Journal of History,  1978-88.

Climbed Mount Kilimanjaro (5895 m), 25-29 September 1992.


Book:  Imperialism and Free Trade: Lancashire and India in the Mid-Nineteenth Century  (UBC Press and Manchester University Press, 1972).

Articles:  28 articles/book chapters, the articles in refereed journals published in Canada, USA, England, India, Australia, 1959-2004.

Book Reviews: 64 reviews in 16 journals, 1959-2001.

Canada Council/SSHRC Leave Fellowships, 1964-65, 1971-72, 1980-81; Killam Fellowship (honorary), 1980-81.  Various UBC research grants; last one: 1987-88.

Elected a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, 1988.

Various courses in World, British, and Commonwealth History, 1958-64.  Courses on Civilizations of South Asia (Asia115), 1965-92; History of India since 1800 (History 385), 1961-92; South Asian International Relations (Asia 438, I.R. seminar), intermittently from 1974-92.
Graduate seminars and reading courses on Modern India, 1962-92.
Supervised 7 M.A. and 3 Ph.D. candidates in South Asian history, 1959-88.
Faculty of Arts Teaching Prize (now Killam Teaching Prize), 1990.